Safad (now: Gan Hametsuda):
Templar castle situated in northern Galilee on the fringe of the Kingdom and held by Order (1168 - 1188). Held by Fulk, Constable of Tiberias and sold to King Amalric, and given to the Templars (pre-April 1186). Held out after defeat at Hattin (July 1187) though lost to Saladin (1188); regained by Templars (c.1229) after treaty with Ismail, ruler of Damascus.
Rebuilt (1240 - 1244) and included double line of walls; large round keep in inner-court; it was enclosed by mountains and hills; largest castle in Kingdom; stocked with war machines, crossbows and 1700 men; supplied from local agricultureal lands, castle’s hunters and fishermen; chapel in inner-ward.
Betrayed by Malich, former Templar (1266). Only inner walls of crusader citadel now remain.
"For my part, I adhere to the maxim of antiquity: The throne is a glorious sepulchre."